McDougall McDougald MacDougall, Peter 1 2 3 4

Birth Name McDougall McDougald MacDougall, Peter
Gender male
Age at Death less than 81 years


Peter McDougall was born in Scotland. He may have emigrated to PEI on the ill-fated Annabella in 1770, as stated by Nina Ross. The History of Malpeque said that Peter sailed from Kintyre, Scotland with 61 other passengers on the Brigantine Edinburgh, arriving September 17, 1771. Although there was a Peter MacDougall on the passenger list for the Edinburgh, there was no payment next to his name, which could mean he sailed on a later vessel. Also on the Edinburgh was Joseph McLean, who settled in Prince County.

Peter seems to have travelled alone - and from this, we might assume that Peter was in his early twenties when he left Scotland.

Peter MacDougall can definitely be placed on the Island by 1775, when he was granted Town Lot No. 9, Letter B and pasture Lot No. 110 in Princetown and the Royalty. His grant was dated 5 October 1775. He purchased more land in 1792, from Edward Fanning. On January 30,1818 Peter leased from Dugald Stewart, Esq. 100 acres in the district now known as Hamilton PEI Lot 18. He lived there until his death in 1819. Peter signed the lease with his mark, and he was referred to as Peter Mac Dugold senior in the document.

A letter to the Governor signed by a number of male residents of Prince County in 1792 included the following McDougalls: Peter, Duncan, and John.

Peter's wife, named in his will, was Marion. She is said to be Marion McKay, but no marriage record has been found for them, and a marriage license was not in the Cash License Book. A date of marriage around 1775 would fit with the number of people in the household as well as the dates of birth for possible children.

In the 1798 PEI census, in Lot 18, there were 12 people in the household of Peter McDougald in Prince County: 4 males and 3 females under 16; 2 males and 3 females between the ages of 16-60. There was also a Donald McDougald with a family of 5 in the same lot: one might assume a husband and wife, and 3 daughters under 16.

It is hard to draw a lot of conclusions from this kind of census, and we don't know if there was more than one married couple living in Peter's household. Nina Ross felt that 7 children under 16 might be an indication that there were two families in the household, but a 25 year span from youngest to oldest was not unusual at the time. If Peter was old enough to have at least one child in his 20s, this would support a date of birth around 1750. Since he was under 60, he had to have been born after 1738. Also, of the assumed sons, none had this many children by this date.

Another contemporary source was his will, where Peter McDougall made provisions for his wife Marion, and left every else to his son Duncan. "I disavow the rest of my sons or grandsons" - why say this if there were no other children? By his will dated February 1819, and proved July 10 1819 Peter left Lot 110 to his wife Marion and his 100 acres fronting on the Shipyard Road to his son Duncan.

From the wording of the will, that there were other sons, and the 1798 census, it is safe to assume that there were other sons besides Duncan. The History of Malpeque and other local histories say they were John, Peter, Alexander, and Duncan. There were two men named Peter McDougall, born around the same time, who went to New Brunswick - I haven't attached them to Peter and Marion, but have called them Peter 1 and Peter 2 in this tree.

But were there any daughters? The females in the 1798 census could be daughters, daughters-in-law, grand-daughters and/or servants.

Therefore, although the information on each individual family linked to Peter and Marion is accurate, their link to this first Peter McDougall in Prince County has not been proven. Information on the families becomes more certain as marriage, baptismal, death, and census records became more available.

Alexander, who married Nancy/Ann McLean and Duncan, who married Barbara Stewart, showed similar naming patterns for their children. These names may seem common enough, but you only have to look at the names of unrelated McDougall families from other parts of the Island to see the difference. Although John did not have a son Peter, it is possible that one of the two men named Peter McDougall from PEI in New Brunswick was his son.

Based on the number of females in the household in the 1798 census, I have added Ann McDougall to this family, but please note: I have no proof. However, she named her first daughter Marion, a name that wasn't as common as Mary. Another possible daughter would be the Elizabeth McDougall who married James Campbell in 1801; she was probably born around 1780, which would fit with this family. There was a Mary McDougall who married George, last name illegible, in 1804, possibly George Campbell.

The next census of PEI, the incomplete 1841 census, only lists Alexander, in Lot 12. By 1861, there were: James, Lot 13; Alexander , Peter, and Charles, Lot 12; Allan and John, Lot 16; John and Peter, Lot 4; Hector, Lot 3 (Roman Catholic); Duncan, Lot 7; Duncan and Dougald, Lot 18, Duncan and Hector, Lot 8

The Duncan in Lot 8 had one member of the family born in another British Province and 5 on the Island. He was a farmer, married, between 21-45 years with 4 young children, all Kirk of Scotland. He could be the Duncan McDougall from Queens County who re-settled in Prince County.

All 9 members of Allan's family (Lot 16) were born on the Island. John in Lot 16 had 6 sons and 1 daughter, all Presbyterians.

In the 1870 Land Commissioner's report (which did not cover Lots 7 and 13) there were the following McDougalls: Alex (Lot 6), Hector (Lot 5), James, Jonathan, Michael and Neil (lot 14, mainly Catholic McDougalls living here), Isaac (Lot 20), and two Johns in Lot 4.

I am using the spelling McDougall for this family, although there are many variations in records. According to the book Old North Esk, the name was often spelled and pronounced as McDougald in the early 1800s, and this was the spelling used by many of the PEI McDougalls.

DNA shows a link between Alex and John McDougall, and between Alex and Elizabeth McDougall (Campbell)

Main sources: The history of Hamilton, Pathways to the Present; the History of Malpeque, The McDougall family trees created by Glenda Coughlin, which were inspirational, and the genealogy of Peter and Duncan McDougall by Nina Ross from PEI Archives.

Scottish Emigration

According to J. M. Bumstead, the Scots who emigrated before 1815 did so willingly - the Highland Clearance had not begun.

Scottish emigration was concentrated in four periods: 1770-1775, 1790-1793,
1801-1803, and 1805-1811.


Event Date Place Description Sources
Birth after 1738 Scotland Peter was under 60 in the 1798 census  
Death 1819 Hamilton, Lot 18, Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada    


Family of McDougall McDougald MacDougall, Peter and Unknown, Marion

Married Wife Unknown, Marion ( * + before 1861 )
Event Date Place Description Sources
Marriage about 1775 Prince Edward Island, Canada assumption  
Name Birth Date Death Date
McDougall, Mary
McDougall, John - Lot 161776after 1853
McDougall, Elizabethabout 1779before 1849
McDougall, Ann1780May 29, 1865
McDougall, Alexanderbefore 1781September 14, 1863
McDougall, DuncanMarch 1798July 19, 1866